# Blog

## Isometric 3D in 2D Environment #2 Texure Render Order

Apr 21, 2021 | 3 minutes read

Series: 3D_iso_in_2D

This is part 2 of the 2d/3d(game/engine) conversion used in my puzzle game: Ladder Box, which is available on Steam: You can find all the textures, scripts in this GitHub repo: https://github.com/fengjiongmax/3D_iso_in_2D

Godot 3.2.x is used in this project, you can check the commits for what’s new in each part of this series.

# Problem

In the first article, we know that we must create new blocks in order, otherwise it’ll have some weird render like this: What can we do if we want to create blocks however we want, without worrying about the order we create those blocks?

The key is the render order, letting the engine know which one should be on top of another, as the concept of the layer in Gimp or Photoshop.

# Render Order

Imagine you are looking at a Rubik’s Cube like so You can tell which one is the top one, and the one that under them, let’s write some numbers on this picture. Let me explain what this picture means, the block has `1` on it means it should be on top of all blocks, and blocks have `2` which means they render under the block with `1` but above all others, and `3` should be under `2` and `1` but above all others, and it goes on.

Let’s try to do this in Godot. In Node2D there’s a property called `z_index` :

Z index. Controls the order in which the nodes render. A node with a higher Z index will display in front of others.

Everything that inherits `Node2D` will have this property.

So in the picture, the block marks `1` should have the highest `z_index`, and its coordinates are `V3(3,3,3)`.

We can calculate it this way:

``````"1" : V3(3,3,3) => 3+3+3 = 9 [ z_index = 9]
"2" : V3(2,3,3,)/V3(3,2,3)/V3(3,3,2) => 2+3+3 = 8 [ z_index = 8 ]
and the rest goes on
``````

# Write the code

First, let’s also calculate z_index in our GridUtils.game_to_engine:

``````func game_to_engine(x:int,y:int,z:int) -> Vector3:
var _rtn_2d = Vector2(0,0)
_rtn_2d += x*SINGLE_X
_rtn_2d += z*SINGLE_Z
_rtn_2d += y*SINGLE_Y
var _z = x+y+z
return Vector3(_rtn_2d.x,_rtn_2d.y,_z)
``````

``````onready var SINGLE_Y = Vector2(0,-texture_h/2) * TEXTURE_SCALE
``````

Then, let’s have a base class for all the blocks so that we don’t have to write the same code for both movable and unmovable. ``````class_name BlockBase
extends Sprite
var game_pos:Vector3

pass

func set_game_pos(x:int,y:int,z:int):
game_pos = Vector3(x,y,z)
var engine_pos = Grid.game_to_engine(x,y,z)
self.position = Vector2(engine_pos.x,engine_pos.y)
self.z_index = engine_pos.z
pass
func set_game_posv3(new_pos:Vector3):
set_game_pos(int(new_pos.x),int(new_pos.y),int(new_pos.z))
pass
``````

then attach a script for both our movable and unmovable: both have the same content:

``````extends BlockBase
pass
``````

and in our main.gd:

``````# scripts/main.gd
extends Node2D
for x in range(6):
for z in range(6):
\$floor_tile.set_cell(x,z,0)
pass
# you can add blocks however you want ,but might got something weird.
new_movable(0,0,0)
new_movable(0,1,0)
new_unmovable(3,0,3)
pass
func new_movable(x,y,z):
var _m = movable.instance()
_m.set_game_pos(x,y,z)
pass
func new_unmovable(x,y,z):
var _u = unmovable.instance()
_u.set_game_pos(x,y,z)
pass
``````

What I’ve changed:

• make both movable and unmovable a preload resource use function from block_base to set position

now if we run the scene: even if we change the order :

``````new_movable(0,1,0)
new_movable(0,0,0)
`````` we have the correct render.

Again, you can check the code here:https://github.com/fengjiongmax/3D_iso_in_2D

This part requires some abstract and mathematical knowledge, if you have questions, let me know in the comments.